Myopia control in children
Myopia is a refractive error in which images from far away are blurred and up close are fine. Studies show that nearsightedness is becoming more common among children. Although a direct link has not been proven, research suggests that children who spend more time indoors doing activities that require close vision (such as working on the computer, playing video games, or reading) have higher higher rates of myopia than those who spend more time outdoors.
There are some procedures and treatments for these cases:
Low dose atropine.
Low-dose atropine for nearsightedness is used in children between the ages of 5 and 18. The drops are placed in the eye each night at bedtime. Side effects of low-dose atropine eye drops may include redness or itching around the eye.
When given to children in small doses for 2 to 3 years, the drops can slow the progression of myopia.
Peripheral defocus soft lenses.
These contact lenses special ones are used by children from 6 to 12 years of age with myopia. This "multifocal" contact lens has different areas of focus. Think of this type of lens like a dart board, with multiple circles, one inside the other.
Blurred side vision is thought to slow eye growth and limit nearsightedness.
Orthokeratology is a contact lens worn by a child at night to correct blurred distance vision during the day. Also called Ortho-K, these lenses flatten the cornea while you sleep. The next day, light passing through the reshaped cornea falls precisely on the retina, making distant images appear clearer.
Ortho-K can provide a permanent reduction in myopia progression.
It is important for children to spend more time outdoors, this can help limit your child's myopia and help protect their vision as they grow.